Here we put some facts that makes Puebla State and its capital city an important historical, cultural and economical reference in Mexico.
List of Facts
Mexico was invaded by Napoleon III's army in 1862 and one battle defined the future of North America and inhabitants. The Battle of Puebla took place on 5 May 1862 near the city of Puebla during the French intervention in Mexico. The battle ended in a victory for the Mexican Army over the occupying French forces. The French eventually overran the Mexicans in subsequent battles, but the Mexican victory at Puebla against a much better equipped and larger French army provided a significant morale boost to the Mexican army and also helped to slow the French army's advance towards Mexico City. On April 2, 1867, in Puebla as well, General Porfirio Diaz won the last and decesive battle to take Napoleon III's army out of Mexico for ever.
Puebla is the first well planned city of the Americas where streets are traced perfectly in rectangular blocks of 100 by 200 Spanish "varas" (yards), and where the whole centric district of town is oriented to the movement of sun across the sky. Also public buildings and park are well located. The city construction was performed by Native workers from towns around. The city of Puebla was settled on the road in between the main port of Mexico, Veracruz, and the capital city of whole nation and former Aztec capital city: Mexico City.
During the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, Puebla remained important culturally and economically. It had a thriving textile industry at this time. Immigration from Europe was encouraged and people from Spain, Italy, Germany, France and Lebanon came to live in the city. French influence can still be seen in much of the city’s architecture. The Germans mostly settled in the Humboldt neighborhood where Bavarian style houses and the Alexander von Humboldt German College can still be found. German immigration here was one of the reasons Volkswagen built a large factory just outside of the city, later in the 20th century.
The city of Puebla is also well known because is rich and diverse culinary tradition. Puebla traditional dishes have given it a worldwide fame in international cuisine such as Mole Poblano, Chiles en Nogada, Tinga Poblana, Molotes, Chalupas, Cemitas, Huaxmole, Memelas and more. Then, there is a great opportunity to tour around tasting traditional Puebla options or having a cooking class in a Puebla family environment.
Soon after its foundation, Puebla was well known for its fine ceramics, especially for the style that would be called Talavera. This has been due to the abundance of quality clay in the region, drawing some of the best artisans. Between 1550 and 1570, Spanish potters from Talavera de la Reina in Spain came to Puebla to teach the locals European techniques of using the potter’s wheel and tin-glazing. These new methods were mixed with native designs to give rise to what became known as Pueblan Talavera. The glazing technique was first used for the tiles that still decorate many of the buildings in this city. Later, it was used to make pots, plates, jars, religious figures and other items. By the mid-17th century, the industry here had become well-established. Guilds were formed and ordinances passed to ensure quality. Blue was used only on the most expensive pieces due to the cost of the mineral used to produce it. The period between 1650 and 1750 was known as the golden age.
The Manila Galleons were Spanish trading ships that made round-trip sailing voyages once or twice per year across the Pacific Ocean from the port of Acapulco in New Spain (Mexico) to Manila in the Spanish East Indies (Philippines). The name of the galleon changed reflecting the city that the ship was sailing from. Puebla city used to participate of this trade route for its territorial presence next to Acapulco. The Manila Galleons were also known in New Spain as "La Nao de la China" (The China Ship) because it carried largely Chinese goods, shipped from Manila. The Nao of China trade route was inaugurated in 1565 after Augustinian friar and navigator Andrés de Urdaneta discovered the tornaviaje or return route from the Philippines to Mexico. The route lasted until 1815 when the Mexican War of Independence ended Spanish control of Mexican ports. The Manila galleons sailed the Pacific for 250 years, bringing to Spain their cargoes of luxury goods, economic benefits, and cultural exchange.
Puebla was the center of culture of New Spain (Mexico) during the XVII Century with the leadership of the most famours bishop of the city: Don Juan de Palafox y Mendoza who was also Viceroy and Archbishop of Mexico City. Puebla collected during those days a group of musicians, painters, artists and ascetics who defined an style of culture for the whole nation.
In what became a precursor to the Mexican Revolution, Carmen and Máximo Serdán were behind one of the first conspiracies against the Porfirio Diaz government. Their plans were discovered and their house, located on 6 Oriente Street was surrounded by federal troops. A gun battle ensued, killing both brothers on 18 November 1910. During the Mexican Revolution, the city was taken by forces under General Pablo Gonzalez, then later was under Zapatista control.
Volkswagen Last-Edition Beetle, the special version of 21'529,464 unit-cycle closed in 2003 of the world famous Volkswagen Beetle "Sedan". Since 1996 was produced exclusively by "Volkswagen de Mexico" as the subsidiary of Volkswagen established in 1964 on the outskirts of Puebla where about working some 20,900 people making it the largest automotive complex Mexico and the second world's largest consortium plant. The first cars came in 1967 from its production lines. Volkswagen plant in Mexico is the largest company in Puebla. In this factory, Volkswagen Beetle "Sedan" was produced until July 30, 2003. Currently are produced the classic models (also known as Bora and Jetta by country), Jetta, Beetle and Golf Variant model, from late 2013 began assembling the Golf 5 for exportation to various markets in the Americas and some units for use local. This plant is strategically important for the Volkswagen Group since it is the second largest outside Germany, plus 80% of the vehicles produced are intended for export to over 120 countries worldwide.
Puebla City has many universities, only second place after Mexico City. Some local public universities are: Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla (BUAP) which is the oldest and largest university in Puebla (over 50,000 students split in different builidings and campus across town and State), founded on April 15, 1587, and Instituto Tecnológico de Puebla (ITP). Competitive private universities are: Tecnológico de Monterrey-Campus Puebla, Universidad de las Américas-Puebla (UDLAP), Universidad Iberoamericana- Puebla (IBERO), Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla (UPAEP), Universidad del Valle de México (UVM)-Campus Puebla and Universidad Anáhuac-Puebla (ANAHUAC).