Puebla City, Huejotzingo and Tlaxcala have some of the most traditional and oldest Carnival celebrations of Mexico. Carnival is celebrated with elaborated dances and customs where historical tradition combine Native and Spanish sources in a interesting and unique mix of colors and symbols. Puebla carnival excursions are offered to all three places on days previous to Fat Tuesday (Mardi Gras).
List of Carnival Tours
Huejotzingo carnival starts four days before Ash Wednesday. No one knows exactly how the carnival held in the colonial era, where dancers known as "Huehues" were dating to recreate antique Aztec battles called "Guerras Floridas" (flower wars) when Prehispanic warriors were capturing prisoners for human sacrifice to their gods. They adopted forms of battalions of soldiers who were named in diverse ways, according to the custom design, such as Turks, Soaves (French soldiers), Zacapoaxtlas, Apaches (or Indians) and Zapadores (sappers) and armed with noisy muskets. By then, old Huehues were replaced. Huejotzingo Carnival celebration is divided in three moments with the own recreation: 1) French intervention in Mexico - memorial of the Mexican army's victory over the French on May 5th, 1862 in Puebla City (5 deMayo). 2) Kidnapping of city mayor's daughter by a bandit. 3) Indian wedding, known as and the first Catholic wedding rite taken place in Americas.
Carnival in Puebla takes place in the old city neighborhoods and downtown. The origin of the celebration goes back to the strong presence of native groups in the city since the first settlement. The native workers, living next to the Spanish Puebla ruling caste, were segregated then they celebrated their own carnival by satirizing on the high society with clothes and masks.
Carnival fiestas in Tlaxcala take place in different towns throughout the state of same name. The origin of the celebrations goes back to times when local natives were watching Spanish landowners celebrating carnival in luxurious parties where natives were excluded, therefore natives celebrated the own carnival by dancing on the streets or churches or plazas and wearing colorful clothes and masks to make fun on the Spaniards. Dancers are grouped in “Camadas” (dance group) of "Huehues" (dancers), who dance long periods of time and are recognized for their spectacular costume designs such as: "Charros" from Papalotla, Mazatecochco, Acuitapilco and Tepeyanco; "Catrines" from Santa Cruz Contla and Panotla; "Yauhquemecan"; "Chivarrudos" from Zacatelco; "Cintas" from Totolac and "Cuchillos" from Toluca de Guadalupe.
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