Puebla, City of Angels

Photos of Puebla

City of Puebla has an group of outstanding women and men who contributed to angelic fame of the city. Here we present a shot review of eight of them.

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For the Roman Catholic Church, one of the man mentioned is considered a "Saint", two men are "Blessed" (one step before being decleared Saint) and two are "Venerable", that meansthey are in the process to be beatified.

8 Angels of Puebla

Friar Toribio with an Spanish and a Native
One founder of Puebla

Toribio de Benavente

Franciscan priest

(1490-1568) named by native people as "Motolinia", that means "the poorest", and was the Franciscan founder of Puebla in April 16th, 1531. He said the first Mass to bless the settlement, traced the new city and he was an active missionary in Mexico. He wrote a book about the Aztec Culture and the Evangelization Movement done by the missionaries named "Historia de los Indios de la Nueva España" (1558) and it is an important reference book in Mexican history.

Friar Sebastian de Aparicio
Patron Saint of Mexico's roads

Sebastian de Aparicio

Blessed, Franciscan priest

(1502-1600) was one of the first citizens in that time the brand new city of Puebla de Los Angeles when he arrived in 1533. Being farmer decided to open the first transportation company in all the Americas and built the first road system in the New Spain connecting the cities and getting as far to Zacatecas in the center north Mexico. Sebastian became the richest man in Mexico and when he was 70 gave everything he possessed to the poor and became Franciscan friar. Miracles happened around his life because helped and cured a lot of people and Angels went sent to help him on the roads. Died and buried in Puebla at San Francisco Monastery and years later was beatified (1787). He is the patron saint of the Mexican Roads.

Sour Maria de Jesus
Known as "Lily of Puebla"

Maria de Jesus

Venerable, Conventual nun

(1579-1631) who was known as “El Lirio de Puebla”. She was a mystical noun in the Convent of Immaculate Conception of Puebla. Since she was five year old had experienced mystical visions of Our Lady, Jesus and Angels, and lived the Christian virtues in a heroic way during all her life. She received different mystical gifts from Heaven and helped people to receive several miracles in their favor. She is in the process to be beatified.

Father Jose Maria
Known as "Giant of Charity"

Jose Maria de Yermo y Parres

Saint, Priest

(1851-1904) was a priest who started out a amazing charitable work among the orphans and poor in many Mexican cities such as Leon, Puebla, Merida and more. He was called the "Giant of Charity" because his apostolic work done in everywhere was needed by building institutes and schools to aged people, women and homeless. Moved his headquaters to Puebla 1889 to continue his labor and died there. He was canonized by Pope John Paul II in 2000.

Monsignior Ramon Ibarra
Precursor of modern Puebla

Ramon Ibarra y Gonzalez

Venerable, Archbishop & Educator

(1853-1917) was the first Archbishop of Puebla (1903). Studied Theology (1877) and ordered priest in Rome (1880). Founded several religious work as “Apostolado de la Cruz”, the Guadalupe Missionaries for native poor, children schools, built a Cathedral in Chilapa (Guerrero State), Missionaries of the Holy Spirit and the Sisters of the Cruz with another mystical Mexican lady: Concepcion Armida de Cabrera. Sponsored the foundation of girls school by the Teresiano Institute and by Brothers of La Salle Christian boy schools in Puebla.

Catalina de San Juan
Inspiration for national costume of Mexico

Catalina de San Juan

China Poblana

(?-1688) known as "China Poblana". She was a young princess from Goa, India, and kidnapped by Portuguese pirates who sold her as slave in Manila, Phillipines, where she was rescued from slavery by Jesuit priest who christened with the name Catarina de San Juan. Later she was sent to Acapulco, Mexico. Afterwards, she arrived in Puebla for serving as a housekeeper for the Spanish Pueblan, Miguel de Sosa. When Catalina grew up, she manufactured an new style of dress which became very popular amoung free and single women: China Poblana dress, which, over time, became the national costume of Mexico. In her adult life, Catalina was released from servitude and lived a mystical life of praying. She died old and was buried with honors.

Juan Gutierrez de Padilla
Prolific composer of sacred music in XVII-Century Puebla

Juan Gutierrez de Padilla

Lay, Musician

(1590-1664) arrives at Puebla in 1622 and became responsable for the music of Puebla Cathedral in 1629. Works of Gutierrez de Padilla had a great reputation in his time, bearing news that came to interpret his works in Guatemala and Lisbon in court Alfonso VI. The appreciation and esteem that had the value of the works of Padilla made the Cathedral Chapter twice decided to keep and save them to file in an special place in 1656 and 1663. This is significant, especially in as regards the chanzonetas and carols, 44 Latin liturgical works, among which five masses, two lamentations, a passion, motets and psalms are preserved. And most notably, their carols in Castilian, of which are conserved over sixty, including eight complete cycles of carols for Christmas matins. There are also carols for other holidays such as Corpus Christi, Immaculate Conception and Saint Laurence.

Golden Age of Puebla

Monsignior Juan de Palafox

Juan de Palafox y Mendoza

Blessed, Bishop, Builder, Reformer, Viceroy, Humanist, Writer, Renaissance

(1600-1659), born in Spain, was the ninth and most famous bishop of "Puebla de Los Angeles" because his extensive and unmatched work made in New Spain (Mexico) and specially in city of Puebla in record time of nine years, from 1640 to 1649. As builder, Palafox made the golden age of Puebla by building Puebla Cathedral church, four schools and seminars, two hospitals and repair thirty churches. Palafox reformed Catholic Church in the New Spain according to Council of Trento leading lines (1563) and judged two corrupt Spanish viceroys where one went to jail. Humanist Palafox sponsored education to street orphans, built the first public library of whole American continent (1643), was excellent writer and poet, poliglot, patron of arts specially music. and tour three times the former Puebla province to know perfectly the customs and lives of the inahbitants under his guidance. As archbishop of Mexico city and chief commander of the Spanish army stationed in Mexico, was a righteous and fair judge, effective administrator and builder, father of souls. An authentic Renaissance man. In 2011, he was beatified (beato) by Pope Benedict XVI.